[This is a guest post by the fabulous Khadijah at The Fit Hijabi. In this piece, she clears up the most controversial Qur’an verses (Ayaat) that many people use to prove their (false) belief that Islam is a religion of hatred. This couldn’t be farther from the truth!]
“The Koran clearly states that it contains two types of verses: context-independent verses, and context-dependent verses.
Context-independent verses are unambiguous and timeless principles which can be applied in every situation.
Context-dependent verses are those that are specific to particular situations, and can’t be read in isolation.
The Koran then goes on to condemn those who cherry-pick verses to suit their own selfish ends, and tells its reader to take all the verses together before coming to any conclusions.
“Peace” is one of the literal meanings of Islam, and its ultimate aim. And as such, it explicitly teaches that there is no compulsion in matters of faith.
Regarding war, it teaches that Muslims are only ever allowed permitted to fight defensively, stating that ‘permission to fight is given to those against whom war is made, because they have been wronged – and Allah indeed has the power to help them’.”
Read the full article here.
Now I will explain each of the most cherry-picked verses that people use to say Islam is evil, and surround it with the context it actually has.
“Slay the unbelievers wherever you find them.”
2:190: Fight in God’s cause against those who fight you, but do not overstep the limits: God does not love those who overstep the limits.
2:191: Kill them wherever you encounter them, and drive them out from where they drove you out, for persecution is more serious than killing. Do not fight them at the Sacred Mosque unless they fight you there. If they do fight you, kill them– this is what such disbelievers deserve–
2:192: but if they stop, then God is most forgiving and merciful.
2:193: Fight them until there is no more persecution, and worship is devoted to God. If they cease hostilities, there can be no [further] hostility, except towards aggressors.
- As you can see here, the verses say do not transgress. It says to kill them if they kill one of your own, expel them if they expel you. Don’t fight unless they fight you. And if they stop fighting, you should stop fighting because Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
“Muslims must not take the infidels as friends.”
The believers should not make the disbelievers their allies rather than other believers– anyone who does such a thing will isolate himself completely from God– except when you need to protect yourselves from them. God warns you to beware of Him: the Final Return is to God.
- This verse is not saying to not be friends with ‘infidels,’ it’s saying that if you don’t have Muslim friends around you, you could lose your faith.
- Christians believe the same thing!
“Any religion other than Islam is not acceptable.”
3:84: Say [Muhammad], ‘We [Muslims] believe in God and in what has been sent down to us and to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes. We believe in what has been given to Moses, Jesus, and the prophets from their Lord. We do not make a distinction between any of the [prophets]. It is to Him that we devote ourselves.’
3:85: If anyone seeks a religion other than [islam] complete devotion to God, it will not be accepted from him: he will be one of the losers in the Hereafter.
3:113-115: There are some among the People of the Book who are upright, who recite God’s revelations during the night, who bow down in worship, who believe in God and the Last Day, who order what is right and forbid what is wrong, who are quick to do good deeds. These people are among the righteous and they will not be denied [the reward] for whatever good deeds they do: God knows exactly who is conscious of Him.
- “They also say, ‘No one will enter Paradise unless he is a Jew or a Christian.’ This is their own wishful thinking. [Prophet], say, ‘Produce your evidence, if you are telling the truth.’ In fact, any who direct themselves wholly to God and do good will have their reward with their Lord: no fear for them, nor will they grieve. [2:111-112]”
- The Qur’an has many verses saying that Muslims are equal with the Jews and Christians.
“Maim and crucify the infidels if they criticize Islam.”
5:32: On account of [his deed], We decreed to the Children of Israel that if anyone kills a person– unless in retribution for murder or spreading corruption in the land– it is as if he kills all mankind, while if any saves a life it is as if he saves the lives of all mankind. Our messengers came to them with clear signs, but many of them continued to commit excesses in the land.
5:33: Those who wage war against God and His Messenger and strive to spread corruption in the land should be punished by death, crucifixion, the amputation of an alternate hand and foot, a or banishment from the land: a disgrace for them in this world, and then a terrible punishment in the Hereafter,
5:34: unless they repent before you overpower them– in that case bear in mind that God is forgiving and merciful.
- These verses say that if you kill someone it’s as if you kill all mankind. The only time you should be killing a person is when they’ve murdered or they spread corruption, but if they repent, you should leave them alone because God is forgiving.
Before we talk about Chapter 8 in the Qur’an, let me write the background.
“The main part of this Medinan sura is a comment on the Battle of Badr (near Medina), the first fought between the Muslims and their Meccan opponents in the second year after the Migration. The Muslims, some of whom were at first reluctant to fight, won in spite of being vastly outnumbered, and began to question the distribution of the gains. The sura reminds them that it was God who brought about the victory. Verse 41 shows how the gains were to be distributed. It advises Muslims and comments on the role of the hypocrites and on those who always break their treaties (verse 56), ending with a statement about loyalties and alliances.”
The Qur’an (M.A.S Abdel Haleem)
“Terrorize and behead those who believe in scriptures other than the Qur’an.”
8:7-11: Remember how God promised you [believers] that one of the two enemy groups would fall to you: you wanted the unarmed group to be yours, but it was God’s will to establish the truth according to His Word and to finish off the disbelievers––to prove the Truth to be true, and the false to be false, much as the guilty might dislike it. When you begged your Lord for help, He answered you, ‘I will reinforce you with a thousand angels in succession.’ God made this a message of hope to reassure your hearts: help comes only from God, He is mighty and wise. Remember when He gave you sleep as a reassurance from Him, and sent down water from the sky to cleanse you, to remove Satan’s pollution from you, to make your hearts strong and your feet firm.
8:12: Your Lord revealed to the angels: ‘I am with you: give the believers firmness; I shall put terror into the hearts of the disbelievers– strike above their necks and strike all their fingertips.’
- “The Muslims, some of whom were at first reluctant to fight, won in spite of being vastly outnumbered, and began to question the distribution of the gains. The sura reminds them that it was God who brought about the victory. Verse 41 shows how the gains were to be distributed.”
“Muslims must muster all weapons to terrorize the infidels.”
8:60: Prepare whatever forces you [believers] can muster, including warhorses, to frighten off God’s enemies and yours, and warn others unknown to you but known to God. Whatever you give in God’s cause will be repaid to you in full, and you will not be wronged.
8:61: But if they incline towards peace, you [Prophet] must also incline towards it, and put your trust in God: He is the All Hearing, the All Knowing.
- “If they incline towards peace, you must incline towards it”
….and that’s all you get over on Soulful Seeds! Check out the rest of Khadijah’s analysis over on her blog. If you enjoyed this content, make sure to give her a follow and subscribe to her email list!!!